This essay will define what “academic writing” is and identify the main characteristics of “good academic writing”. The ultimate aim of this essay will be to analyse the role that language discourse functions have in such texts and give suggestions on how to overcome the challenges that might arise from such characteristics and functions for non-native speakers of English.
Use signposts: These help guide the reader through the text.
Avoid long sentences: Avoid long and over complicated syntactic structures.
Avoid long paragraphs: Excessively long paragraphs can have a negative impact on the reader.
Don’t imagine that the reader knows what you mean: Include clear definitions to avoid ambiguity.
Hesitation fillers: (er, um, well, you know,… which are common in spoken English)
Familiar language that would be inappropriate in the academic texts:Some phrasal verbs are more suitable used informally:
It gives credit to work that others have done and show how writers have approached their work.
Descriptions of people, places, relationships, jobs, and other social and institutional ideas will be made by anthropologists and sociologists.
Descriptions of apparatus, equipment and procedures occur in the science field.
Connectives: before, after, when, while, during, as soon as …………
Ivan is cutting the trees. ???? ???? ??????? (Back translation – Ivan he-cuts the-trees)
Abdel Rahman Mitib Altakhaineh
MA student, Applied Linguistics, University of Salford, UK.
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